Bunny Food Safety

Is it a Safe Plant for my Bunny? 

The number one rule when giving your bunny new treats is, if you don’t “know for sure” what it is and that’s it’s safe, don’t give it to them. Here at Bunny Village Gifts, we have done our research to be 100% sure our products are not only organic, but a safe food. We also believe in sharing knowledge! These are the sources that have the best research with supporting documentation. Knowledge makes for a happy and healthy bun! 

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Classes of Toxic Plants
by George Flentke, WHRS Chapter Manager Autumn 2012


Not all species or varieties of these plants have the same levels of toxins. Classification is based on the most dangerous plant of that species or variety.


An example is the avocado. Avocados are of several varieties, only one of which contains toxins at a level dangerous to species other than humans. Hybridization of the varieties for agricultural reasons has made it difficult to determine if the toxic variety is part of a hybrid species. Thus, all avocados are assumed to be problematic.


Many plants are safe if treated to destroy toxins. Fruit trees are all listed as Class 1 toxins, but if the bark and branches are totally dried out, the toxins are destroyed. The sticks make wonderful rabbit chew toys. Remember if the sticks have any green in the bark (scrape through with a fingernail), then they are not dried. The seeds of all stone fruits (those with pits), apples, and pears should be treated as Class 1 toxins even if dried.


Class 1: Universal species toxins. These are usually systemic toxins or local effect toxins of sufficient intensity to cause systemic problems. In general, these plants should not be part of your household or they should be well- protected from rabbits.


Class 2: Local toxins: Allergens, dermal sensitivity toxins, or systemic toxins of lesser strengths. Since rabbits inevitably chew items, these toxins could be more of a problem than the current literature indicates. These plants should be viewed with caution.


Class 3: Low risk plants. Low-level toxins or toxins that herbivores, such as rabbits, routinely handle better than non-herbivore species. This class also contains plants that
have historically been considered quite toxic, but recently whose toxicity is being reevaluated as nontoxic or low toxicity.
If you suspect any of your pets is experiencing poisoning, call your vet. Bring in the whole suspected plant, any vomit, or chewed parts of plant. Check all plants to make sure that chewing is confined only to that suspected plant.

Class 1: Call your vet immediately or go to an emergency clinic immediately.

Class 2: Call your vet for consultation on whether an appointment is warranted.

Class 3 : Watch rabbit carefully for any signs of poisoning or ill health. Call your vet if you feel it is warranted.


CLASS 1 – Do NOT expose rabbits to these plants.
Anenome
Angel's Trumpet
Apple
Apricot
Arrowgrass
Autumn Crocus
Avocado
Azalea
Baby Wood Rose
Balsam Apple
Balsam Pear
Baneberry (white, red, black)
Beafsteak plant Bittersweet
Bitterweed
Black Cherry
Black Nightshade Bladderpod
Bloodroot
Blue Gum
Bluebonnet
Boxwood
Buddhist Pine
Bunchberry Buttercup/Ranuncula Butterfly Weed
Calico bush/Moutain Laurel California Holly
Carolina jasmine
Castor Bean Chalice Vine Cherry Laurel Chinese bellflower Chinese Lantern Chokecherry Christmas Berry Christmas Rose Cocklebur
Coytillo
Crowpoison
Daffodil
Daphne
Day-Blooming Jessamine Deadly Nightshade Death Camas
Delphinium
Devil's Tomato Dieffenbachia
Doll's eyes Dumbcane Elderberry
English Ivy
English Laurel Eucalyptus
European Nightshade Exotica perfection False parsley
False Wild grape Flowering maple
Flypoison
Fool's Parsley
Foxglove
Fruit pits
Glory Lilly
Gold Dieffenbachia Goldenchain
Goldenrain
Greasewood
Halogeton
Hawaiian Baby Wood Rose Hellebore
Henbane
Horse Nettle
Indian Hemp
Indian tobacco
Indigo
Inkberry Inkweed/Drymary Jasimine
Jequirity Beans
Jerusalem Cherry Jessamine
Jimmy Fern/Cloak Fern Jimson Weed/Thorn Apple Jonquil
Karela
Laburnum
Lambkill
Larkspur
Leucaena Ligustrum
Lillies Lily-of-the-Valley Lobelia
Lupines Mandrake
May Apple Meadow saffron Mescal
Milk Vetch Milkweed
Molds in Hay Monkshood Moonflower Moonseed
Morning Glory Mother-in-Law Plant Mountain Laurel Mushrooms Needlepoint Ivy Nutmeg
Oleander
Orange Sneezeweed Paradise Plant Peach Tree
Pear Tree
Perill mint
Periwinkle
Peyote
Pheasant's Eye
Plum Tree
Poison Ash
Poison Hemlock
Poison Ivy Poison Nut
Poison Oak Poison Sumac Poke salad Pokeweed Poppy
Potato
Precatory bean Prickly poppy
Privet Hedge
Purple Mint
Red Sage Rhododendron
Ripple Ivy
Rosary pea
Rosebay
Rose-bay
Scilla
Sheep Laurel Silverleaf nightshade Sneezeweed
Spider Climbing Lilly Spotted Dumb Cane Squill
Stinkweed
Swamp Laurel/ Bog Laurel Sweetheart Ivy
Tansy
Toadstools
Tomato
Toyon
Trumpet Flower Trumpet Plant Tullidora
Variable Dieffenbachia Water Hemlock
Water Parsnip
Wild Carrot
Wild cucumber
Wild Jessamine
Wild mushrooms
Wild Peas
Windflower
Wolfsbane
Wood-rose
Yellow jasmine
Yew

CLASS 2: May cause allergic reaction in rabbits. Be cautious.
African Blue Lilly Agapanthus
Alder Buckthorn Amaryllis
American Hellebore Anthurium Arrowhead vine Barberry
Bear Grass
Begonia (sand)
Bird of Paradise Bleeding Heart
Blue Gum
Bracken Fern Buckeye/Horse Chestnut Buckthorn
Burning Bush
Cactus
Caladium
Calendula/Pot Marigold Calla Lilly
Candelabra Cactus Cardinal Flower Carnations
Cassine
Century Plant Ceriman/Split-Leaf Philodendron/
Mexican Breadfruit Chinaberry Tree
Chinese Inkberry Clematis
Climbing Bittersweet Coffee Bean/ Senna Bean Coral Berry/Snowberry Cordatum/ Philodendron Corn Cockle
Corn Plant
Cow Parsnip
Cowslip
Crinum Lily
Croton
Crown of Thorns Crown Vetch
Cut-leaf Philodendron Cycads
Cyclamen
Dasheen
Dessert Tobacco
Devil's Ivy
Dianthus
Dracaena palm/Ribbon Plant Dutchman's Breeches Dutchman's Pipe
Elephant Ear Emerald Feather Emerald Fern Eucalyptus Euonymus Everlasting Pea Eyebane
False Hellebore False Sago Palm
Fern Palms Fiddleneck
Fireweed
Fishtail Palm
Florida Beauty
Fruit Salad Plant Geranium (California) Gladiola
Gold Dust Dracaena Golden Pothos Green Cestrum
Green gold Nephthysis Guajillo
Hogweed
Hogwort
Horsebrush Horsetail Reed Hunter's robe Hyacinth Hydrangea Indian Poke Indian Tobacco Inkberry
Iris
Jack-in-the-Pulpit Japanese Pagoda Tree Locoweed
Lucky Bamboo Madagascar Dragon Tree/
Red-Margined Dracaena
Marble Queen Marijuana
Marsh Marigold Meadow Pea Mesquite
Mexican Breadfruit Miniature Croton Mistletoe Nephthytis/Chinese Evergreen
Night Jessamine Oak Tree
Panda Paper-flowers Partridge Breast Peace Lilly
Pencil Tree
Peony
Persian Violet Philodendron
Pigweed
Pingue/Colorado Rubber Weed
Plumosa Fern
Poinciana
Pot Mum/Spider Mum Pothos
Prickly copper-weed Pride of Barbados Rabbitbrush
Rayless goldenrod
Red princess
Rhubarb
Sacahuista
Saddle leaf Philodendron
Sago Palm
Sand Begonia
Satin Pothos Schefflera
Scindapus
Shamrock Plant/Oxalis Silver Pothos
Skunk Cabbage Snow-on-the-mountain Solomon's Seal
Spathe Flower
Split Leaf Philodendron Star of Bethlehem Strawberry Bush Striped Dracaena Sweet Flag
Sweet Pea
Swiss Cheese Plant
Tallow, Chinese/Japanese Tansy
Tara
Taro Vine
Tobacco
Tree Philodendron
Tulip
Umbrella plant Variegated Philodendron Variegated Rubber Plant Walnut
Warneckei Dracaena White Snakeroot
Wild Tobacco
Wisteria
Yaupon Holly

CLASS 3: Low Level Toxins.
Acacia
African Rue
Aloe Vera
Alsike Clover
Apple Leaf Croton Asparagus Fern
Baccharis
Betel Nut Palm
Black Locust
Black Root/Black Snakeroot Black Walnut
Blue Cohosh
Boston Ivy
Broomweed
Calamondin Orange Tree Cineraria/Groundsel Creeping Charlie (not houseplant)
Cuban Laurel
Daisy
Emerald Duke
Fiddle-leaf Fig
Firecracker
Firethorn
Fireweed
Four O'clock
Gentians
German Ivy
Gill over the Ground
Ginko
Goatweed
Ground Ivy
Groundsel
Heart Ivy
Heartleaf
Holly Tree/Bush Horse-Head
Indian Laurel
Indian Rubber plant Johnson Grass
Juniper
Kafir
Klamath Weed
Lechiguilla
Maiden Hair Tree
Majesty
Medicine Plant
Milo
Poinsettia
Primrose
Purple Sesbane
Pyracantha
Rattlebox
Rattleweed
Red Emerald
Silverling
Snakeweed
Sorghum
Sprengeri Fern (asparagus) St. Johns Wort
String of Beads
String of Pearls
Sudan grass
True Aloe
Turpentine Plant
Virginia Creeper
Weeping Fig
Wild Cucumber/Balsam Apple
Wild Pea
Woodbine
Yerba-de-pasmo

You can view the original document here

 

 

 

 


HOUSE RABBIT SOCIETY A NATIONAL NONPROFIT CORPORATION
Poisonous Plants for Rabbits
by Cindy Fisher


How to use this list: Many plants listed here are not all poisonous, only parts of them are. Apple is a good example: the seeds are poisonous, but the fruit is perfectly fine for rabbits. Read the complete listing of the plant to get details regarding which parts to avoid. If no parts are listed, assume that the whole plant is poisonous and should not be in reach of your rabbit. Use common sense when it comes to your rabbit’s well being; it is better to be safe than sorry.
Resources used were House Rabbit Journal, The San Diego Turtle and Tortoise Society, and a posting of poisonous plants made available to America OnLine. Special thanks to Ellen Welch who searched persistent- ly through her rabbit resources to obtain this list for us.


A
Acokanthera (Acokanthera)-fruit, flowers very poisonous
Aconite (Aconitum)-all parts very poisonous African rue (Peganum harmala) Agapanthus (Nerine bowdenii)
Aloe vera (Aloe vera)
Alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)
Amanita (Amanita)-all parts
Amaryllis (Hippeastrum)-bulbs
Amaryllis belladonna (Brunsvigia rosea)-bulbs Anemone (Anemone sp.)
Angel trumpet tree (Datura, Brugmansia arborea)- flowers, leaves, seeds
Anthurium (Anthurium)
Apple (Malus sylvestris)-seeds contain cyanide Apple leaf croton (Codiaeum variegatum)
Apricot (Prunus armeniaca)-pits contain cyanide Arrowgrass (Triglochin sp.)
Arrowhead vine (Syngormon podophyllum)-oxalates Asparagus fern (Asparagus sprengeri)
Atropa belladonna (Atropa belladonna)-all parts,
esp. black berries
Autumn crocus (Colchicum autumnale)-corms Avocado (Persea americana)
Azalea (Rhododendron occidentale)-all parts fatal


B
Baccharis (Baccharis sp.)
Balsam (Impatiens balsamina)-whole plant Balsam pear-seeds, outer rind of fruit Baneberry (Actaea alba, rubra, spicata)-berries,
roots, foliage
Beach pea (Lathyrus maritimus) Beargrass (Nolina texana) Beefsteak plant (Perilla frutescens)
Begonia (sand)
Belladonna, Atropa (Atropa belladonna)-all parts,
esp. black berries
Belladonna lily (Brunsvigia rosea)-bulbs
Betel nut palm (Areca catechu)-all parts
Bird of paradise (Strelitzia poinciana)-seeds
Bird of paradise bush (Casesalpinia gilliesii)-seeds,
pods
Bittersweet (Celastrus, dulcamera)-berries Bitterweed (Hymenoxys odorata)
Black henbane (Hyoscyamus niger)
Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)-bark, sprouts,
foliage
Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum)-leaves, berries Black root
Bladderpod (Sesbania vesicarium)
Bleeding heart (Dicentra)-foliage, roots
Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)
Bluebonnet (Lupinus spp.)-all parts
Blue cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides) Blue-green algae-some forms toxic
Bog Kalmia (Kalmia)
Boston ivy (Parthenocissus tricuspidata) Bottlebrush (Callistemon)-flowers
Boxwood (Buxus sp.)-all parts
Bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum)
Branching ivy (Hedera helix-Weber’s California)-all
parts
Broomcorn (Sorghum vulgare)
Broomweed (Gutierrezia microcephala) Buckeye (Aesculus)-sprouts, nuts
Buckthorn (Amsinckia intermedia)-fruit, bark Bull nettle
Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)
Burroweed (Haplopappus heterophyllus) Buttercup (Ranunculus sp.)-all parts
Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa)


C
Cactus thorn
Caesalpinia (Poinciana)-seeds, pods
Caladium (Caladium portulanum)-all parts Calendula (Calendula officinalis)
Calico bush (Kalmia latifolia)-young leaves, shoots
are fatal
California fern (Conium maculatum)-all parts are
fatal
California geranium (Senecio petasitis)-whole plant California holly (Heteromeles arbutifolia)-leaves Calla lily (Zantedeschia aethiopiea, Calla palustris)-
all parts
Candelabra cactus
Cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis)-all parts Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)-all parts Carolina jessamine (Gelsemium)-whole plant Casava (Euphorbiacea)-roots, sap
Cassine (Ilex vomitoria)-berries
Castor bean (Ricinus communis)-seeds are fatal,
leaves
Century plant (Agave americana)
Ceriman (Monstera deliciosa)
Chalice vine-all parts
Cherries, wild and cultivated-twigs and foliage are
fatal, bark, pits
Cherry, Jerusalem (Solanium nigrum/eleagnifolium/
pseudocapsicum)-fruits, leaves
Cherry laurel (Prunus var.)-all parts are fatal Cherry, Natal (Solamon)-berries
Chestnut, Horse (Aesculus)-all parts
Chinaberry tree (Melia azedarach)-berries Chokecherry (Prunus serotina)-withered leaves Christmas berry (Heteromeles arbutifolia)-leaves Christmas candle-sap
Christmas rose (Helleborus niger)-all parts, esp. leaves
Cineraria (Senecio hybridus)-whole plant Clematis (Clematis)
Cloak fern (Notholaena sinuata var cochisensis) Clover, Alsike (Trifolium hybridum)
Cocklebur (Xanthium sp.)
Coffeebean (Sesbania drummondii)
Cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides)
Colorado rubberweed (Hymenoxys richardsonii) Columbine (Aquilegia)-all parts
Common privet (Ligustrum)-all parts
Coral berry (Symphoricarpos orbiculatus)-seeds Coral plant (Symphoricarpos orbiculatus)-seeds Cordatum (Philodendron oxycardium)
Corn cockle (Agrostemma githago)
Corn lily (Symplocarpus foetidus)-all parts
Corn plant (Dracaena fragrans massangeana) Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster)
Covotillo (Karwinskia humboldtiana)-berries Cowslip (Caltha palustris)
Crab’s eye (Abrus precatorius)-seeds are fatal Creeping charlie, except houseplant (Glecoma,
Nepeta hederacea) Cress/Crucifers/Mustards (Cruciferae-Brassica,
Raphanus, Descurainia spp.)
Crocus (Crocus)-corms
Crocus, Autumn (Colchicum autumnale)-corms Croton (Codiaeum variegatum, Euphorbiacea) Crown-of-thorns (Euphorbia milli)-leaves, flowers Crown vetch (Astragalus sp.)-all parts
Crow poison (Amianthium muscaetoxicum) Crucifers/Cress/Mustards (Cruciferae-Brassica,
Raphanus, Descurainia spp.)
Cuban laurel (Ficus spp.)
Cuckoopint (Arum maculatum)-all parts Curcas bean-seeds, oil
Cutleaf philodendron (Monstera deliciosa) Cycads (Cycas spp., Zamia spp.)
Cyclamen (Cyclamen sp.)


D
Daffodil (Narcissus)-bulbs may be fatal Daisy (Chrysanthemum frutescens)
Daphne (Daphne mezereum)-berries are fatal Datura (Brugmansia, all species)-all parts Deadly amanita (Amanita)-all parts
Deadly nightshade (Solanum nigrum)-all parts, unripe fruit, foliage
Death-camas (Sygodenus venesii, Zygadenus nuttallii)-all parts poisonous, roots fatal
Death cup (Amanita phalloides)-all parts Delphinium (Delphinium sp.)-all parts
Desert tobacco
Destroying angel (Amanita phalloides)-all parts Devil’s ivy (Scindapsus aureus, Epipremnum aureum) Devil’s tomato (Solanum eleagnifolium)-all parts Dianthus (Dianthus)-all parts
Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia)-all parts, esp. sap Dogbane (Apocynum sp.)-leaves
Dogwood (Cornus)-fruit slightly poisonous Doll’s Eyes (Actaea alba, rubra, spicata)-berries,
roots, foliage
Dracaena palm (Dracaena sanderiana)
Dragon tree (Dracaena draco)
Drymary (Drymaria pachyphylla)
Dumb cane (Dieffenbachia amoena)-all parts, esp.
sap
Durra (Sorghum vulgare)
Dutchman’s breeches (Dicentra)-foliage, roots Dutchman’s pipe (Aristolochia durior)


E
Eggplant-all parts but fruit
Elaine (Codiaeum elaine)
Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)-all parts Elephant’s ear (Colocasia esculenta, Philodendron
domesticum, Caladium hortulanum)-all parts Emerald duke (Philodendron hastatum) Emerald feather (Asparagus sprengeri)
English ivy (Hedera helix-ilex acid)-all parts English laurel (Prunus laurocerasus)-all parts are
fatal
Euonymus (Euonymus)
Euphorbia (Euphorbia sp.)-leaves, flowers, sap Evening trumpet (Gelsemium sempervirens)-whole
plant
Exotica perfection
Eyebane (Euphorbia maculata)


F
False henbane-all parts
False hellebore (Veratrum viride and other sp.)-all
parts poisonous, root deadly
False parsley (Conium maculatum)-all parts are
fatal
Fiddle-leaf fig (Ficus lyrata)
Fiddleneck (Amsinckia intermedia)-fruit, bark Firecracker (Dichelostemma ida-maia) Firethorn (Pyracantha sp.)
Fireweed (Amsinckia intermedia)-fruit, bark Florida beauty (Dracaena spp.)
Fluffy ruffles
Fly agaric (Amanita muscaria)-whole plant
Fly poison (Amianthium muscaetoxicum)
Fool’s parsley (Conium maculatum)-all parts are
fatal
Four o’clock (Mirabilis jalapa)-whole plant Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)-all parts can be fatal Foxwood
Frijolito (Sophora secundiflora)-all parts
Fruit salad plant (Philodendron pertusum)


G
Garden sorrel (Rumex acetosa)-oxalates Gelsemium (Gelsemium)-whole plant Geranium, California (Senecio petasitis)-whole
plant
German ivy (Senecio mikanioides)-whole plant Ghostweed (Euphorbia marginata)-all parts
Giant dumbcane (Dieffenbachia amoena)-all parts, esp. sap
Glacier ivy (Hedera helix Glacier)-all parts Gladiola (Gladiolus sp.)
Glecoma hederacea (Nepeta hederacea) Glory lily (Gloriosa sp.)
Goatweed (Hypericum perforatum)
Gold dieffenbachia-all parts, esp. sap
Gold dust dracaena (Dracaena godseffiana) Goldenchain tree (Laburnum)-seeds, pods may be
fatal
Golden pothos (Epipremnum aureus) Gold-toothed aloe (Aloe nobilis)
Greasewood (Sarcobatus vermiculatus) Green-gold nephythytis (Syngonium podophyllum
xanthophilum)
Ground ivy (Nepeta hederacea) Groundsel (Crotalaria spp.) Groundsel (Senecio sp.)-whole plant Guajillo (Acacia berlandieri)


H
Halogeton (Halogeton glomeratus)
Hawaiian baby wood rose
Heart ivy (Hedera helix)-all parts
Heartleaf (Philodendron cordatum, Philodendron
oxycardium)
Heavenly bamboo (Nandina domestica)-leaves Hedge apples
Hellebore (Ranunculacea, Helleborus, Veratrum)-all
parts
Hemlock (Conium, Cicuta, Tsuga)-all parts Hemp, Indian (Cannabis sativa, Apocynum sp.)-
leaves
Henbane, Black (Hyoscyamus niger)-all parts Hogwort
Holly (Ilex aquifolium, opaca, vomitoria)-leaves,
berries
Horsebrush (Tetradymia sp.)
Horsechestnut (Aesculus)-all parts
Horse-head (Philodendron oxycardium)
Horse nettle (Solanum carolinense)-all parts, esp.
fruits, leaves
Horsetail reed (Equisetum sp.)-all parts
Hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis)-bulbs can be fatal Hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla)-whole plant


I
Impatiens (Impatiens)-whole plant
Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)-leaves Indian laurel (Ficus retusa nitida)
Indian rubber plant (Ficus elastica Decora) Indian tobacco (Nicotiana giauca) -all parts Indian turnip (Arisaema triphyllum)-all parts Indigo (Indigofera sp.)
Inkberry (Ilex glabra)-leaves, berries
Inkweed (Drymaria pachyphylla)
Iris (Iris sp.)-underground rhizome, leaves Ivy (Hedera)-all parts
Ivy bush (Kalmia angustifolia)-leaves

J
Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)-all parts Jamestown weed (Datura, Brugmansia
stramomium)-all parts
Jatropha-seeds, oil
Java bean (Phaseolus limensis)-uncooked bean Jequirity bean (Abrus precatorius)-seeds are fatal Jerusalem cherry (Solanium nigrum/eleagnifolium/
pseudocapsicum)-fruits, leaves
Jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens)-flowers,
leaves, berries fatal
Jessamine, Carolina (Gelsemium)-flowers, leaves,
seeds
Jessamine, Night-blooming (Cestrum nocturnum) Jimmy fern (Notholaena sinuata var cochisensis) Jimson weed (Datura, Brugmansia stramomium)-all
parts
Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense) Juniper (Juniperus)-needles, stems, berries


K
Kafir (Sorghum vulgare)
Klamath weed (Hypericum perforatum)


L
Lady slipper (Cypripedium spectabiles)-all parts Lambkill (Kalmia angustifolia)-leaves
Lantana camara (Lantana camara)-green berries
are fatal
Larkspur (Delphinium)-all parts, seeds may be fatal Laurel, Cherry (Prunus caroliniana)-all parts are
fatal
Laurel, Cuban (Ficus spp.)
Laurel, Indian (Ficus retusa nitida)
Lecheguilla (Agave lecheguilla)
Ligustrum (Ligustrum ovalifolium)-all parts Lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis)-all parts,
including water
Lima bean (Phaseolus limensis)-uncooked bean Lobelia (Lobelia sp.)-all parts
Locoweed (Astragalus sp.)-all parts Lords-and-ladies (Arum maculatum)-all parts Lupine (Lupinus)-all parts


M
Machineel-all parts
Madagascar dragon tree (Dracaena marginata) Majesty (Philodendron hastatum)
Mandrake (Podophyllum pellatum)-all parts Marble queen (Scindapsus aureus)-oxalates Marijuana (Cannabis sativa)-all parts
Marsh marigold (Primula veris)
Mayapple (Podophyllum pellatum)-all parts Medicine plant (Aloe vera)
Mescal (Lophophora williamsii)-cactus tops Mescal bean (Sophora secundiflora)-all parts Mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa)
Mexican breadfruit (Monstera deliciosa) Mexicantes
Milkvetch (Astragalus sp.)-all parts
Milkweed (Asclepias sp.)-all parts
Milo (Sorghum vulgare)
Miniature croton (Punctatis aureus)
Mistletoe (Phoradendron flavescens)-berries are
fatal
Moccasin flower (Cypripedium spectabiles)-all parts Mock orange (Prunus caroliana)-all parts Monkshood (Aconitum napellus)-all parts Moonseed (Menispermum)-berries can be fatal Morning glory (Ipomoea violacea)-all parts Mother-in-law (Monstera deliciosa)
Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)-young leaves,
shoots are fatal
Mushroom
Mustards/Crucifers/Cress (Cruciferae-Brassica,
Raphanus, Descurainia spp.)


N
Narcissus (Narcissus)-bulb can be fatal
Natal cherry (Solamon)-berries
Nephthytis (Syngonium podophyllum albolinea-
tum)-oxalates
Needlepoint ivy (Hedera helix Needlepoint)-all parts Nicotiana (Nicotiana)-wild, cultivated leaves Night-blooming jessamine (Cestrum nocturnum) Nightshade (Solanum carolinense)-all parts, esp.
fruits, leaves
Nightshade (Solanum eleagnifolium)-all parts


O
Oaks (Quercus)-foliage, acorns
Oleander (Nerium oleander)-foliage, branches, nectar Orange milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa)
Orange sneezeweed (Helenium hoopesii) Ornamental tobacco (Nicotiana)-all parts
Oxalis (Oxalis)-oxalates

P
Palma christi (Ricinus communis)-seeds are fatal, leaves
Panda (Philodendron panduraeformae)
Paper flowers (Psilostrophe sp.)
Paradise plant
Parlor ivy (Philodendron elegans, Philodendron
cordatum, Philodendron pertusum)
Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)
Partridge breast (Aloe variegata)
Peach (Prunus persica)-pit contains cyanide Pear (Pyrus communis)-seeds contains cyanide Pear, Balsam-seeds, outer rind of fruit Pencilbush (Euphorbia tirucalli)
Pencil cactus (Euphorbia tirucalli)
Peony (Paeonia sp.)-all parts
Peregrina-seeds, oil
Perill mint (Perilla frutescens)
Periwinkle (Vinca sp.)-whole plant
Peyote (Lophophora williamsii)-cactus tops Philodendron (Philodendron)-leaves, stem, sap Philodendron, Cutleaf (Monstera deliciosa) Pigweed (Amaranthus spp.)-oxalates
Pingue (Hymenoxys richardsonii)
Pinks (Dianthus)-all parts
Plum (Prunus)-seeds contain cyanide
Plumosa fern (Asparagus plumosus)
Poinciana (Poinciana gillesii)-green seeds, pods Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima)-leaves, sap are
fatal, flowers
Poison hemlock (Conium maculatum)-all parts are
fatal
Poison ivy (Rhus radicans)-all parts
Poison nut
Poison oak (Rhus, Toxicodendron diversilobium)-all
parts
Poison parsnip (Cicuta maculata)-all parts, esp.
root, are fatal
Poison sumac (Rhus vernix)-all parts
Pokeberry (Phytolacca americana)-roots
Pokeroot (Phytolacca americana)-roots
Poke salad (Phytolacca americana)-roots
Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana)-roots
Poppy, except California (Papaver)
Pot marigold (Calendula officinalis)
Pot mum (Chrysanthemum mortiforium)
Potato (Solanum tuberosum)-green parts are fatal, eyes Pothos (Scindapsus aureus)-oxalates
Precatory bean (Abrus precatorius)-seeds are fatal Prickly copperweed (Oxytenia acerosa)
Prickly poppy (Argemone)
Primrose (Primula spp.)
Primula (Primula spp.)
Privet (Ligustrum)-all parts
Purge nut-seeds, oil
Purple sesbane (Daubentonia punicea)
Psychic nut-seeds, oil
Pyracantha (Pyracantha sp.)


Q
Queen Anne’s Lace (Daucus carota)

R
Ranunculus (Ranunculus)-all parts
Rattlebox (Crotalaria spp., Daubentonia punicea) Rattleweed (Crotalaria spp.)
Rayless goldenrod (Iscoma aerigum)
Red clover (Trifolium pratense)-hays when moldy Red emerald (Philodendron red emerald) Red-margined dracaena (Dracaena marginata) Red princess (Philodendron hastatum)
Red sage (Lantana camara)-green berries are fatal Rhododendron (Rhododendron)-all parts are fatal Rhubarb (Rheum rhaponticum)-leaves fatal Ribbon plant (Dracaena sanderiana)
Ripple ivy (Hedera)-all parts
Rosary bean (Abrus precatorius)-seeds are fatal Rosary pea (Abrus precatorius)-seeds are fatal Rosebay (Rhododendron occidentale)-all parts fatal Rosemary (Rosemarinus)-leaves of some varieties
are poisonous
Rubber plant, Indian (Ficus elastica Decora) Rum cherry (Prunus serotina)-withered leaves



S
Sacahuista (Nolina texana)
Saddle leaf philodendron (Philodendron selloum) Sage (Salvia)-leaves of some varieties are poisonous Sago palm (Cycas)
Sand begonia
Satin pothos (Scindapsus spp., Pothos wilcoxii) Schefflera (Brassia actinophylla)
Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius)-seeds
Senecio (Senecio)-whole plant
Senna-bean (Sesbania drummondii)
Sesbane (Sesbania, Glottidium mesicaria)
Sesbane, Purple (Daubentonia punicea)
Shamrock plant (Oxalis acetosella)
Sheep laurel (Kalmia angustifolia)-leaves
Silverleaf (Solanum eleagnifolium)-all parts Silverling (Baccharis sp.)
Silver pothos (Scindapsus aureus)-oxalates
Skunk cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus)-all parts Slinkweed (Gutierrezia microcephala)
Snapdragon (Antirrhinum)-all parts
Snapweed (Impatiens)-whole plant
Sneezeweed, Orange (Helenium hoopesii) Snowdrop (Galanthus)-all parts Snow-on-the-mountain (Euphorbia marginata)-all
parts
Solanum (Solanum)-berries
Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum multiflorum) Sorghum (Sorghum vulgare)
Snake palm
Snakeroot, White (Eupatorium rugosum) Snakeweed (Gutierrezia microcephala) Sorrel, Garden (Rumex acetosa)-oxalates Spathe flower (Spathiphyllum)
Spider mum (Chrysanthemum mortiforium) Split-leaf philodendron (Monstera deliciosa,
Philodendron pertusum)
Spotted dumb cane (Dieffenbachia)
Sprengeri fern (Asparagus sprengeri)
Spurge (Euphorbiaceae)-leaves, flowers
Squill (Scilla autumnalis)
Squirrel corn (Dicentra canadensis)-all parts Staggergrass (Amianthium muscaetoxicum)
Star of Bethlehem (Ornithogalum umbellatum)-all
parts
Stinkweed (Brugmansia)
St. Johnswort (Hypericum perforatum) Stranomium-all parts
String of beads/pearls (Senecio rowleyanus)-whole
plant
Striped dracaena (Dracaena deremensis)
Sudan grass (Sorghum vulgare)
Swamp laurel (Kalmia)
Sweet pea (Lathyrus odoratus)-stems, seeds, fruit Sweet William (Dianthus)-all parts
Swiss cheese plant (Monstera friedrichsthalii) Sweetheart ivy (Hedera helix)-all parts

T
Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)-all parts
Tansy ragwort (Senecio sp.)-whole plant
Taro (Colocasia esculenta)-stem, leaves
Taro vine (Scindapsus aureus)
Thorn apple (Datura, Brugmansia stramomium)-all
parts
Tiger lily (Lilium tigrinum)-all parts
Toadstools
Tobacco (Nicotiana giauca)-all parts
Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)-leaves, vines Touch-me-not (Impatiens)-whole plant
Toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia)-leaves
Tree philodendron (Scindapsus aureus)
Tropic snow (Dieffenbachia amoena)-all parts, esp.
sap
True aloe (Aloe vera)
Trumpet plant-all parts
Trumpet vine-all parts
Tullidora (Karwinskia humboldtiana)-berries Tulip (Tulipa)-bulb
Turpentine weed (Gutierrezia microcephala)


U
Umbrella plant (Cyperus alternifolius)


V
Variegated philodendron (Scindapsus) Venus flytrap (Dionaea)-all parts Victoria regia
Violet (Viola odorata)-seeds
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)-sap


W
Warneckei dracaena (Dracaena dermensis warneckei)
Water hemlock (Cicuta maculata)-all parts, esp. root, are fatal
White snakeroot (Eupatorium rugosum)
Wild black cherry (Prunus serotina)-withered leaves Wild carrot (Daucus carota)
Wild cucumber
Wild jasmine (Cestrum nocturnum)
Wild parsnip
Wild pea (Crotalaria spp.)
Windflower (Anemone sp.)
Wisteria (Wisteria)-all parts
Wolfsbane (Aconitum napellus)-all parts
Woodbine (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)-sap Woodrose (Ipomoea, Merremia tuberosa)
Woody nightshade (Celastrus, dulcamera)-berries


Y
Yam bean-roots, immature pods
Yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria)-berries
Yellow knapweed (Centaurea solstitialis)
Yellow jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens)-whole
plant
Yellow oleander-all parts, esp. kernels of fruit Yellow star thistle (Centaurea solstitialis) Yerba-depasmo (Baccharis sp.)
Yew (Taxus spp.)-foliage, twigs, berries

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